The Open Society and Its Enemies One of the most important books of the twentieth century Karl Popper s The Open Society and Its Enemies is an uncompromising defense of liberal democracy and a powerful attack on the intellectual ori

  • Title: The Open Society and Its Enemies
  • Author: Karl R. Popper E.H. Gombrich AlanRyan
  • ISBN: 9780691158136
  • Page: 189
  • Format: Paperback
  • One of the most important books of the twentieth century, Karl Popper s The Open Society and Its Enemies is an uncompromising defense of liberal democracy and a powerful attack on the intellectual origins of totalitarianism Popper was born in 1902 to a Viennese family of Jewish origin He taught in Austria until 1937, when he emigrated to New Zealand in anticipation of thOne of the most important books of the twentieth century, Karl Popper s The Open Society and Its Enemies is an uncompromising defense of liberal democracy and a powerful attack on the intellectual origins of totalitarianism Popper was born in 1902 to a Viennese family of Jewish origin He taught in Austria until 1937, when he emigrated to New Zealand in anticipation of the Nazi annexation of Austria the following year, and he settled in England in 1949 Before the annexation, Popper had written mainly about the philosophy of science, but from 1938 until the end of the Second World War he focused his energies on political philosophy, seeking to diagnose the intellectual origins of German and Soviet totalitarianism The Open Society and Its Enemies was the result.An immediate sensation when it was first published in two volumes in 1945, Popper s monumental achievement has attained legendary status on both the Left and Right and is credited with inspiring anticommunist dissidents during the Cold War Arguing that the spirit of free, critical inquiry that governs scientific investigation should also apply to politics, Popper traces the roots of an opposite, authoritarian tendency to a tradition represented by Plato, Marx, and Hegel.

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      189 Karl R. Popper E.H. Gombrich AlanRyan
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    One thought on “The Open Society and Its Enemies”

    1. This is a deeply contradictory book, which is at times wise, measured, and methodological, and yet at other times deeply flawed and irritating. This was a book incubated during the Second World War, an epistemological look at the origins of totalitarianism. He claims that the enemies of the 'open society', or an egalitarian liberal democracy, have in common a historical philosophy he defines as 'historicism', an attempt to codify historical laws or phenomenon, but not an a basis consistent with [...]

    2. کتابی ارزشمند از یک فیلسوف تحلیلی با ترجمه‌ای عالی به فارسی. کارل پوپر در این کتاب که در اثنای جنگ جهانی دوم نوشته شد به ریشه‌یابی دو فاجعه سیاسی در قرن بیستم پرداخته است: ۱. ظهور فاشیسم هیتلری ۲. ظهور مارکسیسم استالینی.نویسنده ریشه این دو فاجعه را در افکار نژادپرستانه افلاطو [...]

    3. Wow. That was a book I did not think I was going to get through. Some parts I just really comprehended easily, some I had to go back and reread. I'm sure part of the reason is my complete lack of knowledge, beyond pop culture snippets, of that historical era. But I do have this to say, that I agree with Poppers criticism of power,authority, totalitarianism, and his view of an open society.What I think this book did for me, was made me look at my critical thinking better and reasoning ability.Use [...]

    4. Ponerle una puntuación menor a este libro solo por mis propias ideas políticas sería engañarme a mí mismo y a todos los interesados en leerlo. Antes de escribir esto he estado leyendo críticas y comentarios al mismo en varios portales diferentes y me doy cuenta de que, probablemente, ninguno de los que lo ponen como manual fundamental o lo denostan como ataque a sus ideas lo han entendido bien. Eso si lo han leído, claro, aunque entendería que no lo hicieran porque a ratos es una traves [...]

    5. به حتم خواندن کتاب بسیار مفید و باارزش خواهد بود اما نویسنده با گرایش و دیدگاه خاصی به افلاطون هگل مارکس پرداخته است. به نظر نمی رسد اصل خود فلسفه افلاطون و به ویژه نظریه مثل و فیلسوف شاه او بخواهد به دیکتاتوری و فاشیست بینجامد. لازم است نگاهی دقیق و موشکافانه به کتاب جمهور ( ود [...]

    6. The Open Society and Its Enemies (The Open Society and its Enemies #1+2), Karl Popperعنوان: جامعه باز و دشمنان آن؛ نویسنده: کارل ریمون پوپر؛ مترجم: عزت الله فولادوند؛ تهران، شرکت سهامی انتشارات خوارزمی؛ 1364؛ در 1396 ص؛

    7. An excellent book on the "inner workings" of ultra-liberalism. Don't take this stuff seriously. Read it as a warning.

    8. Een monument van een boek als dit verlangt naar enkele verzuchtingen:Wat ik bewonder aan de mens Popper is zijn zachtaardige maar daarom niet minder diepgaande kritiek op methodisch gebrekkige volksverheffers enerzijds (vijand Marx) en zijn snoeiharde afrekening met pretentieuze volksonderdrukkers verdwaald in eigen gespuide metafysische mistbanken anderzijds. (vijanden Plato & Hegel)Ik begon aan dit boek om meer duidelijkheid te verkrijgen over de limieten van de kennistheorie maar die is e [...]

    9. Popper mounts many-faceted defence of liberal democracy and its underpinnings against what he sees as attacks on it by Plato/Aristotle (essentialist, authoritarian) and Marx/Engels (historicist). These great tidy, totalising theories of society stand against the messy muddling through of democracy.I was largely in agreement with Popper through much of the text. I'm sure I would re-read more critically now (I am an anarchist), but remain grateful to it for furnishing me with criticisms of essenti [...]

    10. This set of two books is a philosophical treat. Although I haven't read a lot of philosophy, this book, I believe, is good guidance for me. In it, the author critiques three philosophers, Plato, Hegel and Marx. He shows how each one failed to live up to democratic values.Socrates, for instance, held an open inquiry method that was well-crafted for the democratic society that had risen up in ancient Greece in the time in which he lived. But Plato who was responsible for writing down Socrates' arg [...]

    11. پوپر در کتاب جامعه باز به این نکته اشاره کرده که در هیچ جامعه‌ای «تفکر» بالیدن نمی‌گیره مگه اینکه شرایط گفت‌وگوی امن و برابر برای همه از چپِ چپ تا راستِ راست فراهم باشه و هیچکس از بیان چیزی که تصور می‌کنه هراس نداشته باشه پوپر از مخالفان سرسخت افلاطون و هگل و مارکس و هایدگر [...]

    12. Some time ago a wise old man came to see me in Prague and I listened to him with admiration. Shortly afterwards I heard that this man had died. His name was Karl Popper.One of the targets of Popper’s profound criticism –which he supported by ample evidence –was a phenomenon he called holistic social engineering. He used this term to describe human attempts to change the world for the better completely and globally, on the basis of some preconceived ideology that purported to understand all [...]

    13. Sir Karl Raimund Popper is counted among the most influential philosophers of science of the 20th century, and also wrote extensively on social and political philosophy. In The "Open Society and Its Enemies", Popper developed a critique of historicism and a defence of the 'Open Society' and liberal democracy. He was the famous and powerfull enemy for authoritarianism and totalitarianism. سر كارل ريموند پوپر در شمار فلاسفه مهم و پرقدرت فلسفه علم و ف [...]

    14. «در هیچ جامعه‌ای تفکر بالیدن نمی‌گیرد مگر آنکه شرایط گفتگوی امن و برابر برای همه از چپِ چپ تا راستِ راست فراهم باشد.جامعه باز که دستاورد یونانیان است، غیر دینی است. در جامعه باز طبیعت و قرارداد از یکدیگر جدا و زمینه برای رویکرد انتقادی فراهم است.در جامعه باز فردیت انسان‌ها د [...]

    15. Absolutely fantastic. A monumental, meticulously argued, and sometimes vigorous defence of liberal democracy based on an original, nontrivial, insightful, surprising, and very convincing description of the tribal and authoritarian aspects that make up the perennial attack on the open society sometimes known as totalitarianism. Written with admirable clarity, this book feels to me as valuable today as ever. I should have read this decades ago.

    16. گرچه تنها عده ای اندک ممکن است مبدع سیاسی باشند ، ما همه می توانیم درباره آن قضاوت منیم.پرکلیس آتنی

    17. Come for the defense of the open society, stay for the sick Hegel burns.Popper's work is concerned with the defense of the open society - liberal democracy as a political system, with policies underpinned by piecemeal social engineering with humanitarian aims - against its enemies - totalitarians of various stripes.The first volume deals largely with Plato, whom Popper regards as a genius who lost his moral way, abandoning and then reversing the humanitarianism of his mentor, Socrates, and his g [...]

    18. Given the reputation of the book and indeed the theme, I was disappointed.I was expecting an attack on idealism, on its possible dangers with magnates of irresponsibility.What I got was an idealized defence of the autonomous "individual" rather than a case that would give understanding, belief and realization of an "open society".The other disappointing feature was a lack to understanding of the two Big Hitters which Popper fires against in the second volume: Hegel and Marx. This charge is parti [...]

    19. Ég skrifaði örugglega 1000 orða afskaplega vel ígrundaða gagnrýni . Í henni komu meðal annarra spekingarnir Hegel, Marx, Platón, Aristótales, Locke fram. Orð á borð við vísindaheimspeki, frelsi, alræði, frjálslyndi, raun- og rökhyggja, vísindaheimspeki, lýðræði, hugtökin opin og lokuð samfélög, útópía, dystópía og mörg, mörg önnur stórmerkileg orð fram. Til að gera langa sögu stutta, hvarf textinn - og leyfist mér að vitna í (í brjálaðri kaldhæðni [...]

    20. I definitely found some great thoughts / insights in this tome of a book, but overall it felt very repetitive. It became clear after the first 300 some pages that there Popper has problems (well thought out and accurate problems) with, as he calls it, historicist thinking. The belief there's an ideal version of government that we're trying to achieve from the past can lead to some very bad policies. And all of this could be told in a third of what it currently is. I'm guessing this was more Popp [...]

    21. Despite, or perhaps because of, being grounded in reactions to the politics, war and nastiness of the mid-twentieth century The Open Society and its Enemies is an extremely informative and valuable examination of fascism and tyranny. I recommend it for its ability to inform reading of philosophy, politics and current events. My perspective of Plato was greatly improved. As a connecting point, I also recommend Wittgenstein's Poker.

    22. This book and idea of Open Society influenced me a lot. This book is refutation of thinkers as Plato, Aristotle, Marx and Hegel and critizing totalitarian system. As open society the most important thing for future of countries is freedom, democracy, human rights.

    23. Работа Карла Поппера "Открытое общество и его враги" уверен не напрасно была признана одной из ста самых лучших научных книг 20 века.Данная книга о политической философии. Автор, чтобы окончательно убедить читателей о вредности "закрытых (тоталитарных) обществ" на экономику [...]

    24. Digamos para empezar que la primera parte (no argumental y lineal) de este libro la dedica Popper a revisionar la filosofía de Platón, Aristóteles, Marx y Hegel y a cada uno le da sus palmetazos. Correcto. De acuerdo en que Hegel ha transmitido su nefasta influencia hasta extremos impensables, sobre todo en lo de que la dialéctica puede ser un apoyo para el llamado método científico, absoluta y totalmente falso. De acuerdo en que Platón en su final fue un filósofo proautoritario, Aristó [...]

    25. La historia no tiene significado. Esta es la idea principal de Popper en este libro y con ellos ataca a diferentes ideologías como el marxismo o grupos que se consideran los elegidos de la historia. La historia no tiene significado, no es posible predecir que ocurrira. Para Popper solo nosotros, y siendo responsables de ello, decidimos lo que ira ocurriendo.Popper ve en la filosofia/sociología de filosofos como Heraclito, Platon o Aristoteles fundamentos en contra de la apertura de sociedades [...]

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