Stuck Rubber Baby Mundos Diferentes La obra est situada en los a os en que Kennedy era presidente y las luchas por los derechos civiles eran encarnizadas Y si adem s viv as en una peque a poblaci n del Sur donde el racismo estaba a la

  • Title: Stuck Rubber Baby: Mundos Diferentes
  • Author: Howard Cruse
  • ISBN: 9788493509200
  • Page: 313
  • Format: Hardcover
  • La obra est situada en los a os en que Kennedy era presidente y las luchas por los derechos civiles eran encarnizadas Y si adem s viv as en una peque a poblaci n del Sur, donde el racismo estaba a la orden del d a, la cosa se complicaba m s.Es en este escenario, en esta poca, donde y cuando Toland Polk aprende a ver otros mundos el de la comunidad negra y el de los homLa obra est situada en los a os en que Kennedy era presidente y las luchas por los derechos civiles eran encarnizadas Y si adem s viv as en una peque a poblaci n del Sur, donde el racismo estaba a la orden del d a, la cosa se complicaba m s.Es en este escenario, en esta poca, donde y cuando Toland Polk aprende a ver otros mundos el de la comunidad negra y el de los homosexuales Y todo gracias a una chica, la nica que le importa a Toland, un homosexual reprimido A trav s de los ojos de Toland iremos viendo c mo era aquella poca, c mo parte de la sociedad americana, lejos de ser lo liberal que ven a proclamando al mundo, estaba sometiendo a todo aquel que era diferente al estereotipo del anglosaj n blanco normal De este modo, iremos viendo c mo a la vez que Toland va admitiendo su realidad como gay, asistir a manifestaciones por los derechos humanos y la igualdad, a la vez que se ver inmerso en un mundo protagonizado por personas que acabar n siendo bastante buenos amigos, aunque esa forma de vida no ser en absoluto del agrado de su hermana y, sobre todo su cu ado Dentro de ese mundo de injusticias que Toland ir descubriendo, destacar la persecuci n hom fona del los cuerpos policiales, de los pol ticos y de la sociedad, a trav s de organizaciones como el Ku Klux Klan Adem s, veremos como Toland intentar luchar desesperadamente contra su condici n de homosexual, intentando hacer todo lo posible por curar esa enfermedad y ser normal como casi todo el mundo Ser a lo largo de esa poca de descubrimiento cuando descubrir a Ginger, una joven con la que saldr en su intento por normalizarse y que le influenciar notablemente.Destacar que lo curioso es que, 40 a os m s tarde, al igual que hicieran negros y homosexuales en los 60, ahora son los hispanos los que est n reclamando su lugar en esa sociedad e intentado lograr unos derechos que le son negados.LOS PREMIOSLa lista de Premios y Nominaciones de esta obra es interminable, por ello, destacaremos nicamente los principales Stuck Rubber Baby gan el Premio Eisner de 1996 a la Mejor Novela Gr fica y el Premio Harvey del mismo a o en la misma categor a Tambi n ha ganado el Premio de la Cr tica del Festival de Angouleme y el Premio a la Mejor Novela Gr fica en los Premios Comic Art del Reino Unido, adem s del Premio Luchs de Alemania Tambi n ha estado nominada al Premio al Mejor Libro Gay de la Asociaci n de Libreros Americanos y al Premio Literario Lambda.En Espa a qued ganador de los Premios de la Cr tica 2006, en la lista de los mejores de 2006 de la revista Rockdelux, etc lvaro Pons Extra do de La C rcel de Papel Debo reconocer que, en su d a, me sorprendi mucho la lectura de Stuck Rubber Baby, de Howard Cruse En primer lugar, por el hecho de que fuera Paradox Press la que se encargara de la edici n, una filial de una grande como DC heredera descafeinada de la sugerente Piranha Press que se atrev a con una obra que resum a con brillantez la historia del colectivo homosexual americano a trav s de la vida de Toland Polk, un joven sure o que debe afrontar su salida del armario en plena era Kennedy.Pero sobre todo, me sorprendi por la impresionante calidad de la obra Cruse, un desconocido para m en ese momento mi primera lectura de la obra se remonta al a o 98 o as era un reverenciado autor dentro de la comunidad gay por Wendel, pero su obra apenas se hab a visto fuera de esos circuitos y, mucho menos, hab a llegado a Espa a, por lo que encontrar a un autor que demostraba ese despliegue de capacidad narrativa era cuanto menos, inesperado.Casi diez a os despu s, aprovecho la edici n de Dolmen para releerla pausadamente en castellano, con una extraordinaria traducci n de Diego Garc a a este hombre deber an clonarlo y ponerle a traducir todo tebeo extranjero publicado en Espa a Y no puedo menos que repetir todas aquellas sensaciones y descubrirme ante una de las grandes obras que ha dado este medio.Cruse consigue un delicado y dif cil ejercicio de equilibrismo, a modo de los malabaristas que mantienen varios platos girando en lo alto de una vara sin que caigan ni paren en ning n momento Usando el personaje de Toland Polk como eje de la narraci n, nos introduce en la sociedad sure a americana de los a os 60, que se debat a entre la intolerancia de unas tradiciones ultraconservadoras, con una fuerte componente racista, y los vientos de renovaci n social y liberalidad que llegaban del norte y eran abanderados por la juventud Un protagonista sobre el que se desarrolla un extenso reparto coral que va plasmando en paralelo los problemas de la comunidad homosexual y las reivindicaciones igualitarias de la comunidad negra, que Cruse compara acertadamente, pero sin dejar de evidenciar sus diferencias y, sobre todo, las contradicciones de aquellos que eran capaces de defender unas y no otras y viceversa La b squeda de la propia identidad de Toland se va transformando paulatinamente en el testimonio del cambio de la identidad de una sociedad que ve c mo sus cimientos morales y ticos deben evolucionar obligatoriamente.Pero sobre todo, hay que destacar la capacidad de Cruse para humanizar a sus personajes Sus errores, incoherencias y dudas son las de cualquier ser humano de carne y hueso, consiguiendo una cercan a completa hacia el lector, al que logra hacer llegar las sensaciones y sentimientos de todos aquellos que pasan por sus vi etas Alegr a, dolor, amor, miedo, ira sentimientos universales que en Stuck Rubber Baby se re nen y transmiten la lector con fuerza, pero dejando el espacio necesario para provocar una reflexi n que nunca caer en el f cil panfletarismo.Stuck Rubber Baby es, sin duda, uno de esos tebeos de lectura obligada, que pone a la historieta al nivel de cualquier otra forma de expresi n cultural y que se disfruta especialmente en la cuidada y excelente edici n de Dolmen.

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    One thought on “Stuck Rubber Baby: Mundos Diferentes”

    1. Howard Cruse's graphic novel about one man's experiences during the 1960's civil rights movement is brimming with details. BUTat's not ALWAYS a good thingToland Polk tells of his involvement in the struggles for equality during those troubled times in American history. He also relates the l-o-n-g, s-l-o-w discovery of his true sexual identity. I don't know if EVERY single conversation he EVER held with EVERYBODY is depicted, but it sure seems that way. There are too many characters and too much [...]

    2. I wanted to like this one, but I found the art style to be too visually cluttered, and something about it was just off putting. The story line seemed to be trying too hard to fit too much in, and I quickly found myself lost. It seemed like a fascinating look at that time period, but it was just too hard for me to get into.

    3. I tend to be wary of memoirs about the White Middle Class American Male Experience (gay or otherwise), especially those set against the backdrop of a powerful political moment (in this case, the Civil Rights Movement). The magnitude of these events (and the people who made them happen) is diminished, to say the least, with the emphasis instead placed on how All This Has Changed Our Precious Boy. Now, while Stuck Rubber Baby isn't without its problems, I appreciate that Howard Cruse makes his whi [...]

    4. This is one that sat on my shelves for many years. I knew it was acclaimed, but Cruse's Wendel had never appealed to me and even now as I write a 5-star review for Stuck Rubber Baby, I can't say that his art in this book is particularly appealing to me, either. There's so much cross-hatching that even quiet panels often look too dark and unnecessarily busy (a panel showing two men in a shower made me wonder what sort of skin condition - or fur - was being shown), and everyone looks like a kind o [...]

    5. A classic graphic novel ahead of its time. Originally published in 1995, in this GN, Cruse draws heavily on his early years in the south. He depicts the coming-of-age, journey, coming-out process of a fictional gay white guy in the era of segregation, civil rights marches, and illegal homosexuality. And he shows how intertwined the queer community and the black community became at the time. It's a fantastic example of how being a cultural Other can bring people together. As this guy gets more in [...]

    6. The story of a gay white man growing up in the South in the 1960s. He gets involved in the civil rights struggle and comes out to himself, and later others, as gay. It's interesting territory, but I hated the art. It looks outright ugly to me, the characters are nearly impossible to distinguish from each other, and the framing is so cramped that it's nearly impossible to read, there's no white space, and there's so much cross-hatchingI felt my eyes start to hurt trying to read this. I don't feel [...]

    7. This is the best book I have read all year. Not best graphic novel--but the best book. Amazing story that takes place in a fictional southern town in the early 60s that melds civil rights with a young white man's personal awareness of his sexual identity. It's an unbelievably brilliant and moving story (and fictional, according to Cruse), painstakingly and beautifully illustrated. I enjoyed it so much that I will probably buy it and read it again.

    8. Simply one of the best books I have read in a long time -- an example of how amazing graphic novels CAN be when they try. This is the story of Toland, a young white man coming of age in the deep South at the dawning of the civil rights movement -- and trying to come to terms with his homosexuality. All of the characters are vivid, complex and fully realized -- even the minor characters. I especially enjoyed Cruse's portrayal of Ginger -- Toland's girlfriend who is a folk singer and headstrong, s [...]

    9. I loved this. I read the compilation of Cruse's Wendel comic strips, which was also wonderful, but this was simply amazing. At first I was a little worried that the characters seemed like stock, generic Civil Rights-era Southern figures, but as the story progresses Cruse fleshes them out and makes them unique. The story is nuanced and multi-layered, dealing with the protagonist's struggles with sexuality and the broader struggles around black civil rights, as well as the complicated relationship [...]

    10. I'm re-reading this since I'm teaching it. It's fun to teach a graphic novel since the students are so attuned to images. This book is very rich with a lot of subplots. It takes place during the Civil Rights Movement in the South and has a mix of characters, black and white, straight and gay. It explores the overlaps between race and sexuality.

    11. Closeted gay man Toland Polk is caught in the crossfire of the civil rights era in America’s bible belt. Minorities are being killed, buildings are being bombed, the police use excessive force, and the politicians are content to just let it all happen. Being himself is something Toland struggles with throughout this graphic novel, considering the violent consequences of his sexual preference. When he starts making friends with the black and gay communities, he eventually has to let his guard d [...]

    12. Freaking incredible and kind of devastating. Queer comics is such a vague term but this book shows how sexuality is only a small part of a persons experiences.Some people seem overwhelmed by the amount of content and heavy issues but it seems so much more real than one note comics memoirs I've read.

    13. Over Thanksgiving, my family asked me what I was reading. At the time, I was reading a smattering of things, but I told them I was most excited about a graphic novel entitled Stuck Rubber Baby. Upon hearing "graphic novel" they immediately responded with, "Oh, you're just reading comic books? No serious books right now?" I hate this stigma, especially since Stuck Rubber Baby is so poignant and powerful, and its illustrations only work to enhance the impact of an already moving story about race a [...]

    14. a terrific and moving account of a young gay man growing up in the south during the civil rights movement. it felt timely to be reading this right now--tony kushner makes the point powerfully in the intro, so i'm going to quote a long passage:It articulates a crying need for solidarity, it performs the crucial function of remembering, for the queer community, how essential to the birth of our politics of liberation the civil rights movement was. The point, it seems to me, is not that one movemen [...]

    15. I've always liked Howard Cruse's work, ever since I first encountered it when I came out. His struggles to express his own truth touches on such universal truths that I can't help feeling I know him intimately, although I mostly know him through his comics. Someday I hope to meet him in person."Stuck Rubber Baby" (SRB) is a tour de force, mixing tales of the human rights struggles of the sixties with the Jazz music scene of the south, this is an amazing work of fiction. I almost would give it fi [...]

    16. I had read great things about Stuck Rubber Baby and obviously I wasn't disappointed. The story and characters are nuanced and I enjoyed the author's complex weaving of social injustices and inequities. White privilege and heteronormativity are closely examined as the main character comes to terms with his sexual identity and his complacently in the violences committed against Blacks in the south. Alison Bechdel's intriguing introduction explains the significance of the individual in the role of [...]

    17. As storytelling goes with ink and paper Stuck Rubber Baby has to be one of the best graphic novels put together . The synthesis of a 'memoir' with the issues of homosexuallity and Jim Crowe racism fosters a challenging intimate synchronicity that reminds us how far we have come by dint of those who have strived to make that journey at close quarters.At its core, Stuck Rubber baby is about struggle -- not only against the institutions and mores that oppress us, but also against ourselves every ti [...]

    18. i kept hearing about this book as one of the inspirations for Alison Bechdel to write Fun Home, so i had to get me a copy. not easy. basically out of print. the illustrations don't instantly appeal to me. although you become used to them as time progresses. the story reminds me of Memoir of a Race Traitor by Mab Segrest, despite the difference in time, place, and actual events. the plot weaves between the main character's long process of coming out, his (and his friends') involvement in the Civi [...]

    19. Friends and I differ at times on the value of the graphic novel. I'm an unlikely defender, having completely ignored comic books as a young adult, but I find myself drawn to some of them, primarily those dealing with serious historical topics. Recently I heard a radio interview with "Amir", one of the Iranian disidents who create the website and graphic novel, "Zahra's Paradise." He made the point that the graphic novel lets the artist/author approximate what could be done as a film, without the [...]

    20. This book has everything! It takes place mostly in the 60s during the Civil Rights movement, and the main character/narrator is also realizing he's gay, so it's got all the glorious ambiguity and unanswerable doubts of those two themes, race and sexuality. It's basically a meditation on what it means to embrace humanity in all of its forms. The end's a little abrupt and unclear, and the drawings need more breathing room, but it's absolutely engaging and rewarding. For someone new to the form, I [...]

    21. Look, I can't do justice to this book in a brief write-up; all I can do is recommend that you read it. It's a moving story, the art is detailed and historically accurate, and it's obvious how much work Howard Cruse put into it. A lot of times I don't take long enough to read through graphic novels, but I made sure to read this over several days; I didn't want to be done with it, and I wanted to take time to really look at the art and reflect on the words. Read Alison Bechdel's introduction/love [...]

    22. The art style was not to my taste, at times it was hard to tell the difference between a few male characters.I am happy that there exists a book on the topic matter.The pacing was a little slow, but in a way it gave it an annoying sense of realism in that it felt like a new aquaintance telling you their 'life story'.

    23. Stuck Rubber Baby is simply one of the finest graphic novels there is. Cruse's linework make me so incredibly jealous, and he is a master storyteller. If there is a graphic novels canon, Stuck Rubber Baby deserves to be in it.

    24. It took me a while to get used to the style of this graphic novel, but once I did it captured me into the story. I'm actually using it for a paper for one of my classes and couldn't be more excited about it. Very well done!

    25. The people in this book are really tall and have enormous chins and upper arms, but it's the kinda of book I wouldn't mind everyone having read as a frame of reference.

    26. Drawn beautifully, with painstaking attention to detail, a sad, tender, raw story of growing up and coming out against the backdrop of the 1960s Dixie Land, lit with KKK fires. A treat.

    27. I found this book very interesting. Although I wouldn't necessarily say this book was educational, it did give a great insight on some of the intersecting issues that African American's faced during the civil rights movement, and issues that LGBTQ people faced during the 60s. Throughout the book, we follow a young Toland Polk as he is growing up in a parodied racist and divided Birmingham, Alabama. He understands that he is homosexual, but he also knows how LGBTQ people are treated so he tries t [...]

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