Just and Unjust Wars A Moral Argument With Historical Illustrations From the Athenian attack on Melos to the My Lai Massacre from the wars in the Balkans through the first war in Iraq Michael Walzer examines the moral issues surrounding military theory war crimes

  • Title: Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument With Historical Illustrations
  • Author: Michael Walzer
  • ISBN: 9780465037070
  • Page: 193
  • Format: Paperback
  • From the Athenian attack on Melos to the My Lai Massacre, from the wars in the Balkans through the first war in Iraq, Michael Walzer examines the moral issues surrounding military theory, war crimes, and the spoils of war He studies a variety of conflicts over the course of history, as well as the testimony of those who have been most directly involved participants, deciFrom the Athenian attack on Melos to the My Lai Massacre, from the wars in the Balkans through the first war in Iraq, Michael Walzer examines the moral issues surrounding military theory, war crimes, and the spoils of war He studies a variety of conflicts over the course of history, as well as the testimony of those who have been most directly involved participants, decision makers, and victims In his introduction to this new edition, Walzer specifically addresses the moral issues surrounding the war in and occupation of Iraq, reminding us once again that the argument about war and justice is still a political and moral necessity.

    Just and Unjust Wars A Moral Argument with Historical A penetrating investigation into moral and ethical questions raised by war, drawing on examples from antiquity to the present Just and Unjust Wars has forever changed how we think about the ethics of conflict In this modern classic, political philosopher Michael Walzer examines the moral issues that arise before, during, and after the wars we fight. Just and Unjust Peace An Ethic of Political Just and Unjust Peace is an important guide for responsible action in the wake of massive violations of justice Miroslav Volf, Books Culture Just and Unjust Peace is a book of optimism, of hope, of insistently seeing the glass as half full Humane but not fatuous or sappy, it is the exit ramp off Apocalypse Highway. Just war theory Just war theory Latin jus bellum justum is a doctrine, also referred to as a tradition, of military ethics studied by military leaders, theologians, ethicists and policy makers.The purpose of the doctrine is to ensure war is morally justifiable through a series of criteria, all of which must be met for a war to be considered just.The criteria are split into two groups right to go to war just Wiktionary Jan , Factually right, correct factual It is a just assessment of the facts Rationally right, correct Morally right upright, righteous, equitable fair It looks like a just solution at first glance c , William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part , Act, Scene, My lord, we know your grace to be a man Just and upright , King James Unjust Define Unjust at Dictionary Contemporary Examples of unjust With your unkind and unjust words, you continue to cause harm to LGBT people in your religious communities. Justice In his dialogue Republic, Plato uses Socrates to argue for justice that covers both the just person and the just City State.Justice is a proper, harmonious relationship between the warring parts of the person or city Hence, Plato s definition of justice is that justice is the having and doing of what is one s own. Unjust Definition of Unjust by Merriam Webster Recent Examples on the Web The filing seeks to freeze the statute of limitations on unjust enrichment, which in Brazil is three years, said a Nissan spokesman Patricia Kowsmann, WSJ, Nissan, Mitsubishi Say Ghosn Received . Million in Improper Payments, Jan At a hearing on Wednesday, Cavanaugh dismissed counts that included unjust enrichment and interference with inheritance. JustWarTheory INTRODUCTORY MATERIALS Just war theory is the attempt to distinguish between justifiable and unjustifiable uses of organized armed forces Unfamiliar with the basic terms of analysis and debate Just War Theory Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy Just War Theory Just war theory deals with the justification of how and why wars are fought The justification can be either theoretical or historical. BBC Ethics War Just War introduction Jul , The Just War theory specifies conditions for judging if it is just to go to war, and conditions for how the war should be fought Although it was extensively developed by

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    One thought on “Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument With Historical Illustrations”

    1. An interesting and only too pertinent analysis of the morality of wars. Views on states, the individual soldier, etc. Initially written as a response to Vietnam, but some can very easily compare it to Libya or Afghanistan. Good use of historical examples.

    2. This book, considered a must read in the field of just war theory, left me unimpressed. Everything is based on a system of morality that is never really explained save for an unexplained theory of rights that people supposedly have under various circumstances. Where do these rights come from? The short of it is, I'm never going to buy the argument that people attacked have to put their own in harm's way for the sake of the attackers. The agent problem is worth deep consideration (can we hold a p [...]

    3. I read this as required reading during my second year of studies at West Point. We read this along with Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War.Although it's subtitle is "A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations" it does not present a coherent argument. The logic is circular and the argument falls in on itself. In the end, perhaps Thucydides was right: "The strong do as they can, while the weak do as they must"

    4. I thought the initial portion of the book asks some good questions and contains some thought provoking analysis. However, towards the latter part of the book I found myself disagreeing with the author about the WWII strategic bombing campaign and the use of nuclear devices in Japan. Two general things I did not feel he took into account are the differences in total war vs limited engagement (World war with entire nations using all elements of society to support the war effort vs a fraction of so [...]

    5. More journalism than philosophy, alternating between mushy and dangerous. Rather than a curb on the conduct of war, it provides rhetorical cover for empire and an extremely useful apology for power. [Notice for instance, G.W. Bush's justification for the invasion of Iraq, drawing on language from Walzer.] It makes no contribution to an understanding of the ethics of war, because it only rehashes the current regime of international law of war. An example of its flimsiness, note how W's reference [...]

    6. Discussions of the justice of war generally make a distinction between jus ad bellum (just war) and jus in bello (justice in the war). In this book, Michael Walzer does not make any great attempt to deal with jus ad bellum; he takes the principle that resistance to aggression is the basis for a just war as his starting point, and the majority of the book is devoted to the rules of war, that is, how to fight justly in war. If you, like me, have doubts about the justice of war, period, or were loo [...]

    7. If you read only one book on the morality of war, this should be the one. Walzer is the preeminent modern Just War Theorist, and this is still the definitive text on the subject - even if you don't agree with its entirety. I certainly don't.If you are an "absolute pacifist," you have to answer why it would be morally justifiable to stand and watch the unmitigated horrors of genocide that have gone on throughout history without end other than force of war, and Walzer gives many examples here. Wal [...]

    8. Professor Mary Kaldor of LSE has chosen to discussMichael Walzer’s Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument With Historical Illustrations , on FiveBooks as one of the top five on her subject - War , saying that:“… This is another classic. He is a philosopher and he wrote it after the Vietnam war asking the question – is war ever just? The just cause nowadays, according to Walzer, is self-defence against aggression…. There is the distinction between the non-combatant and the combatant. No [...]

    9. Interesting A very popular book on Just War theory although the writing can be less persuasive in later chapters. Still quite educational however. The first chapter made it well worth it.

    10. Walzer examines the ethics of fighting war for countries and for individuals. First published in 1977 he was far kinder to drafted soldiers than their political leaders. With specific historical examples, Walzer leads the reader thru the moral questions of starting, fighting and finishing a war. Why I started this book: I'm tackling my pile of professional reading and this one was in audio!Why I finished it: I haven't read many philosophy books and so it took me a while to get use to the languag [...]

    11. I began reading this book on July 21, 2009, having borrowed it from my son’s girlfriend; now, on October 14, 2009, I have completed my reading of this book. It was not that I didn’t like the book that took me so long to read it; my problem was that it was a good book that also took concentrated effort to read, and concentrated effort to read was something that was in rather short supply for the past few months. But, I have completed my reading of the book; and, since I got a brand-new copy t [...]

    12. A hardcore philosophy text lightened up with a generous helping of historical examples. The book apparently grew out of the author's experience in the anti-Vietnam War movement, and chapter by chapter, he explores the different aspects of what might make a war just or unjust. Not surprisingly there are a lot of different angles to the problem, from the justice of the conflict itself, to justice in the way it is fought.Perhaps the deepest section is the first, where he takes seriously our collect [...]

    13. This has long been the uber-text of Just War theory, despite being written in 1977, long before the end of the bipolar Cold War and the 21st-century complications of international terrorism and the 'responsibility to protect'. As such, it does read very much like a book form a past era for much of the time, and the publishers have not made a huge effort to update the 4th edition - it has a (short) new preface in which Walzer comes out against regime change of the Iraq sort. The book is superbly [...]

    14. This author pulls from an eclectic group of historical variety regarding what constitutes a just war, and firstly, whether there is such a thing as a just war. From aquinas to JS Mill, it puts into perspective the reasons behind each philosophy in doing so. It's not so much a survey but more so an amalgamation of different views which constitute his own.

    15. When I was in college, my major was Peace, War, and Defense. One of the required courses for the major was called "Philosophy of Peace, War, and Defense. Sadly, this book was not on our reading list. I assume it was because of when I was in college (mid 90s). Due to the end of the Cold War but yet before 9/11, our main philosophical discussion was on the democratization of other countries as a way to a permanent peace. But this book doesn't really delve into that, it's main concern in interplay [...]

    16. I read a lot of history. I figure, conservatively, I have read hundreds of nonfiction histories. From my own assessment, I doubt in cost of human life (potential), wealth-"blood and treasure"-that no more human expenditure has been made than that of warring of one group upon another. To what end? Written in reaction to the Vietnam war, this considered and though-provoking work is an overview of war and war situations decided from Thucydides to Vietnam and considering the morality of each. Consid [...]

    17. One of my favorites and one of the few books I have multiple copies of. Walzer revives the Just War tradition by trying to reconcile the Christian foundations with the modern legalist paradigm. His writing is amazing—you just fall in love with his rhetoric. This requires multiple close-readings to see in between the lines of what he is really saying about the world.

    18. This book would have been better had Walzer not been so confusing. Many of his ideas were interesting and understandable yet hard to understand because of his writing style

    19. This book was not an easy read, and I enjoyed/understood the second half much better than the first. I probably need to read this again someday to get everything out of it.

    20. Great book that contains nuanced discussions of the morality of various kinds of wars and related forms of mass violence, with wonderfully rich historical examples. My notes:Generals use post-facto discussions of strategy as "a language of justification" (13)."The moral reality of war is not fixed by the actual activities of soldiers but by the opinions of mankind." (15)"Many officeholders experience pain because they expected to. If they don't, they lie about it. The clearest evidence for the s [...]

    21. Michael Walzer, come da titolo, affronta il tema delle guerre giuste e ingiuste (che non passa mai di moda, specie con dei vicini d'oltreoceano così premurosi di scatenare continuamente nuovi conflitti) dal punto di vista etico e morale, contrapponendosi nello specifico ad una filosofia di stampo Realista.Per chi non ne avesse idea (io per prima) i Realisti, o fautori del Silens leges (l'assenza di leggi in periodo di guerra al grido di "tutto è lecito"), si appellano alla bestialità primigen [...]

    22. This book probably deserves 4 stars. So why only 3? Because I'm not a moral philosopher, lawyer, military historian, etc. and this was a very long read for me. That said, I did 'like' it and, moreover, it was worth slogging through.Pros: Good questions (What *are* the morals of war? What is just war? What is justice *in* war?), and clear explanation of the viewpoint of the author.Cons: There is a recurring "rights vs. utilitarianism" argument/tension throughout the book with the greater weight g [...]

    23. Read for the international philosophy OlympiadAdmittedly, I didn't read the entire book. Still, I read until page 250-ish and a few other chapters. I'm not going to continue more because I'm done with philosophy. I am kind of the 39th best high school philosopher in the world so I think I've done enough. This book is so very interesting. Do I agree? That's a different and longer story. I still think this book is essential to understand war. I feel that this book manages to take a controversial s [...]

    24. Walzer explores the meaning of a "just" war (jus ad bellum) and the limits of just conduct in war (jus in bello). He argues that these conceptualizations are rooted in our collective morality. He examines a number of historical events in the history of war and diplomacy to support his theories of just war and just conduct by soldiers at war. A few examples:- In Walzer's view, Israel's preemptive military action in the 6 Day War is considered just because it was preceded by an Egyptian military b [...]

    25. Michael Walzer’s Just and Unjust Wars was written in the wake of Vietnam evaluating the morality of war and calling the use of armed intervention into question. Walzer describes two distinct arenas for contemplation, the justification for war and the conduct when fighting war. He believes war is hell but that states have the right to fight to protect their soverienty and their territory. He argues that all people carry some notion of what is right and wrong and what constitutes crossing the li [...]

    26. Where does the realist argument of war fall apart? Why is it not true -- all is not fair in love and war, and the key phrase to draw out of the argument is the Latin "Inter arma silent leges." In time of war, the law is silent.Walzer takes issue with that, as many people should, and aims in this book to combat the extreme moral nihilism inherent in such a system. The threat he perceives is not so much an active one as a potential one -- a chained beast that may break loose if we don't watch care [...]

    27. This isn’t an easy book to read, although it isn’t quite as dry as the title suggests. I imagine (I hope?) that it is taught in military academies and other places where the morality of war is seriously debated. For me, it helped address a frustration I’ve had for years during debates–often online, sometimes in person–about the morality of going to war or of a particular conduct within a war. Walzer shows that rational discussion of war can happen, that can be worthwhile to do so, and [...]

    28. ¿Sería correcto decir, entonces, que estos dos desarrollos diferentes de la noción del derecho que persistieron juntos durante los siglos de la modernidad tienden hoy a estar unidos y presentados como una categoría única? Sospechamos que éste es el caso, y que en la posmodernidad la noción de derecho debe ser entendida nuevamente en los términos del concepto de Imperio. Pero, aunque gran parte de nuestra investigación circulará alrededor de esta cuestión, no nos parece una buena idea [...]

    29. The non fiction novel, Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument written by Michael Walzer is a four hundred page book highlighting the arguments of wars. The author discusses the moral arguments of certain aspects of wars. Walzer uses real examples of wars from all different decades. For example, the author discuses what is necessary in war, using Melos as an example. The author also discusses other parts that come along with wars. An example of this would be the spoils that come along with war as [...]

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