The Elements Of Moral Philosophy Here is a clear lively introduction to the major philosophical theories of morality explaining why each theory has been accepted by some thinkers but rejected by others To illustrate the various the

  • Title: The Elements Of Moral Philosophy
  • Author: James Rachels
  • ISBN: 9780070510982
  • Page: 139
  • Format: Paperback
  • Here is a clear, lively introduction to the major philosophical theories of morality, explaining why each theory has been accepted by some thinkers but rejected by others To illustrate the various theories, and to reveal their implications, important current issues such as abortion, euthanasia, the treatment of nonhuman animals, racial discrimination, and nuclear weaponsHere is a clear, lively introduction to the major philosophical theories of morality, explaining why each theory has been accepted by some thinkers but rejected by others To illustrate the various theories, and to reveal their implications, important current issues such as abortion, euthanasia, the treatment of nonhuman animals, racial discrimination, and nuclear weapons are discussed in depth.

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    1. The Elements of Moral Philosophy, James Rachels, Stuart RachelsThe Elements of Moral Philosophy, by James Rachels and Stuart Rachels, is an ethics textbook. It explains a number of moral theories and topics, including cultural relativism, subjectivism, divine command theory, ethical egoism, social contract theory, utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, and deontology. The book uses real-life examples in explaining the theories.James Rachels wrote the first edition in 1986. He revised the book three tim [...]

    2. After looking over some of the reviews here on about this book, I had to admit I found them somewhat amusing. After doing some research on the people who rated this book poorly, it would seem that they just don't comprehend the usefulness of this book. I used this book as a companion piece for reading classical, modern, and contemporary essays by "the greats" in moral philosophy. Perhaps, the best way to use this book, and one I would strongly recommend for those who didn't get it, is for that [...]

    3. This book is full of logical fallacies and unwarranted assumptions. However, these assumptions are part of the warp and woof of the modern American worldview, so they are almost invisible to the unwary reader. How surprising that an academic text on ethics would determine that religion and morality are unrelated, that human reason is the gateway and determiner of morality, and that absolute morals do not exist!! Any observer of our culture would know that this is the kind of morality that we wou [...]

    4. Socrates: We are discussing no small matter, but how we ought to live.This review is mostly for who is new to the world of Ethics-by-the-book, as I am.Therefore, if you want to expand your knowledge and ethical reasoning beyond the golden rule, this book might be the best start. It is very up-to-date, very structured, not boring at all: it tries to explain philosophically the answers to many questions we have asked ourselves:• [How] should we judge cultures that have different moral codes?• [...]

    5. Engaging and clear"And in ethics we should often expect people not to listen to reason: After all, ethics often requires us to do things we don't want to do, so it is only to be expected that sometimes we try to avoid hearing its demands."This work serves as a good starting point to dive into the vast realms of moral philosophy. I believe the well structured approach and the simply put formulations of the popular moral theories do provide solid ground to build upon. It claims to be introductory [...]

    6. I thought it was alright, I liked the examples he used, I think they made it easier to contrast the theories with one another, however I could barely tolerate the bias throughout the thing. Even when I agreed with the ideas Rachels was saying I found myself put off, just because of the obvious side he would take with each theory, brushing off any counter arguments that could exist.Also the conclusions seemed hasty to me, and they would make leaps from the premises to his point, for example: 'The [...]

    7. نحوه پرداخت به موضوعات مطرح در فلسفه ی اخلاق (در این کتاب) و صورت بندی ادعاها و استدلالات مربوطه بسیار خوب است.کتاب ترجمه بسیار خوب و روانی دارد .خوبی این کتاب برای من این بود که بسیاری از مسائلی که همیشه به صورتی آشفته و با صورت بندی ای ناواضح در پس زمینه ی ذهن م وجود داشت و گاه ا [...]

    8. Particular reviewers here have critiqued Rachels' book on their complete misunderstanding of ethics and philosophy in general. Certain "top" reviewers here have taken umbrage at Rachels for taking the position that morality is not dependent upon God's existence or commands. The majority of philosophers take this position, so this is hardly controversial for Rachels to put forth and defend. Divine command theory died a horrible death over two millennia ago when Euthyphro, much like certain "top" [...]

    9. Very clear and understandable. It gave examples of the things you are learning, so that was also very helpful.

    10. This is a clear, logical, no-nonsense overview of the main ethical frameworks philosophers have been able to come up with. If the way one speaks tells us something about the content of what they are saying, you should already be able to guess Rachels’s own philosophical background. Is it comprehensive? Well, it depends. Rachels doesn’t give us a history of ethics, or an introduction to the philosophers who have developed such theories. Rather, what he does is to boil down every theoretical s [...]

    11. ##I'm only about half-way through the book and have not finished it. Therefore my review will be incomplete but I will update the review as I go on##TLDR: Since this book is called The "Elements" of Moral Philosophy, thus emphasizing the foundation, my review must acknowledge that it will not be too in-depth. As a survey I give it 4 stars. However if you already know the general moral philosophical theories, this would not be a great book for you.This book is a good book to use as an introductio [...]

    12. I read this when I had a quite deep interest in philosophy and ethics - why should I or shouldn't I think or act this or that way. I hungered for some months for a book that would get me thinking correctly and logically about these kinds of issues, so I asked my philosophy teacher if he could help me find one. He immediatly recommended The Elements of Moral Philosophy, legitimating his choice by saying it's a great start-off book for those who want to think more about such important problems and [...]

    13. An excellent survey of moral theory. I have used passages with students for the new AQA Philosophy A-Level and it has proven accessible for them. It covers the major trends in contemporary theory (Kantian Deontology; Utilitarianism; Social Contract Theory; Virtue Theory) and for each acknowledges the strengths and also the more devastating criticisms. There is a very welcome focus on case studies including Animal use, the Courage of figures both acting to prevent the holocaust and those involved [...]

    14. اخلاق در معنایی حداقلی عبارت است از تلاش برای قراردادن رفتار خود تحت هدایت عقل یعنی کاری را انجام دهیم که مناسب ترین دلایل برای آن وجود داد این کتاب با مبنا قرار دادن این تعریف از اخلاق می کوشد ما را به درکی نظام مند از ماهیت اخلاق و آنچه اخلاق از ما می طلبد برساند ------------------------- [...]

    15. This book gave me alot of insight on the views of morals and so on. I definitely kept an openmind while reading it and I can say that I honestly understood alot of the points that were being made even if I may not have completely agreed. It makes sense as to why people would come up with the reasoning and conclusions that they do. I have a newfound respect for many different cultures, species, logics and such. This book also makes for great discussion for someone who also knows anything about ph [...]

    16. "A little learning is a dangerous thing ;Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring :There shallow draughts intoxicate the brain,And drinking largely sobers us again."-Alexander PopeDid I learn some things from this book? Yes. Was it well put together? Yes at the beginning, no at the end. Was it shallow and biased? Yep.

    17. A textbook on Moral PhilosophyThe Elements of Moral PhilosophyI am troubled by the fact this textbook on Moral Philosophy fails to define what a moral is. Instead, the authors go straight into making statements about morality. (It should be noted that James Rachel was the sole author of the first four editions and passed away in 2003. He work is continued by Stuart Rachel.) It would seem to me that a textbook of this nature would make a distinction between a moral and morality giving definitions [...]

    18. This book is great! It has helped me understand and recognize the way people argue when having discussions. It is a good book to start reading if you are interested in moral and ethical philosophy. I am vegan and therefore I naturally end up in discussions with people about wether or not it’s immoral to eat and use animals, and this book has really helped me recognize people’s reasoning for keep at their selfish habits, which is of great help, because I now also know the counter arguments of [...]

    19. I took a college-level ethics class, and this book was paired with The Right Thing to Do: Basic Readings in Moral Philosophy. I cannot say that I agreed with James Rachels, on many matters, since there was a definite bias towards Utilitarianism. It is safe to say that I struggled, but I was still able to pass the class. Certain type of people may enjoy reading this book.

    20. Still use this book as a reference in my doctoral program. Provides excellent insight on how to look at and approach ethical questions. Do not necessarily agree with all of it, but it continually keeps me thinking.

    21. Everything about ethics is amazing to me. Reading this for my ethics class was a great opportunity and I'm grateful for the people that got to argue with me about it for the semester!

    22. This was my textbook for my Ethics class this semester. It wasn’t awful, but I didn’t agree with most of it, and neither did my professor. xD

    23. Decent introduction to the field of ethics. Would be better if author bias was less prevalent. Parts of the book with his arguments provided little support.

    24. خیلی خوب و ساده نوشته بود. بیش از حد شاید.نمیدونم چرا ؟مثلا از فرااخلاق زیاد حرفی نبود.ولی مباحث اخلاق فضیلت و نقد هاش خیلی خوب بود

    25. Moral philosophy is something I've long been interested in despite having no formal familiarity with it. I think about the concepts and reason behind values and ethics and moral behavior often, but without any grounding in the work of the field. This seemed like a swell book to introduce me to effective and reasonable ways of thinking about the subject. I was wrong. It's not merely swell, it's outstanding. Rachels presents the main areas of moral philosophy to have developed over time, and succi [...]

    26. Great overview of ethical theory. This book covers, in addition to the Big Three theories - Utilitarianism, Deontology and Virtue Ethics - several others: Subjectivism, Ethical Egoism, Feminist Ethics, Divine Command, Natural Law and Social Contract Theories. Rachels thus provides a satisfactory overview of ethics in a succinct and lucid style, additionally establishing links between each of the theories. Greatly recommend.

    27. This book is touted as "the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics." That may be, I haven't seen the statistics, but I think there are better options out there on the market (cf. other my other reviews).Rachels begins by offering what he takes to be the basics of moral philosophy. His chosen method of explicating moral philosophy is through concrete examples of ethical dilemmas (in many of my reviews, I'll use "ethics" and "moral" interchangeably, unless otherwise noted). The basic po [...]

    28. A reasonably comprehensive introduction to Moral Philosophy. In first portion it touches on basic issues such as what is morality and how objective is it? How is it related to religion and can it exist without it? The second portion discusses a few historically important ideas and people in the field: - Ethical egoism (do what's best for you)- Utilitarianism (do what's best for an average person in expectation)- Kant's theory (follow rules you'd think would make good universal rules)- Social con [...]

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